Cecil Edward Roberts, Jr., a
sixth-generation coal miner and one of the labor movement's most stirring
orators, became president of the United Mine Workers (UMWA) of America on
October 22, 1995, having served as vice president of the union since
December 1982. Roberts succeeded Richard L. Trumka, who was elected
secretary-treasurer of the AFL-CIO.
Born to Evelyn and Cecil E.
Roberts, Sr., on October 31, 1946, Roberts grew up on Cabin Creek in
Kanawha County, WV. His great-uncle, Bill Blizzard, was a legendary
organizer during the West Virginia mine wars of the 1920's and a UMWA
district president under John L. Lewis. Both of his grandfathers were
killed in the mines.
After college and military service
in Vietnam, Roberts began work at Carbon Fuels' No. 31 mine in Winifred,
West Virginia, in 1971. He worked for six years in a variety of
underground jobs including general inside laborer, shuttle car operator,
unitrack operator, greaser, beltman and mechanic.
His fellow Local Union 2236 members
elected him to the local's mine, safety and political action committees.
He also became active in the Miners for Democracy movement that restored
control of the UMWA to its membership in December 1972.
In 1977, his local elected him a
delegate to the District 17 convention, where he chaired the constitution
committee. The same year, he was elected vice president of District 17 by
a 2-to-1 margin. In May 1981, he was reelected without opposition.
On November 9, 1982, Roberts was
elected vice president of the UMWA, again by a 2-to-1 margin, running on a
slate headed by Trumka and including John J. Banovic, who was elected
secretary-treasurer. The Trumka - Roberts - Banovic team was reelected
without opposition five years later.
In 1989, Roberts was the
"on-the-scene" leader and "day-to-day" negotiator in the UMWA's militant
10-month strike against the Pittston Co., which had cut off health
benefits to its retirees and was trying to walk away from its obligations
to the UMWA Health and Retirement Funds. For his role in that successful
strike, Roberts received the Rainbow Coalition's Martin Luther King award
as well as awards from Citizen Action and the Midwest Academy.
On November 10, 1992, Roberts was
reelected by an 80-percent margin to his third term as vice president.
Trumka was reelected president and Jerry D. Jones, secretary-treasurer.
In December, 1995, Roberts assumed
the UMWA presidency, following Richard Trumka's resignation to become the
AFL-CIO's new secretary-treasurer. Subsequently, Jones was named vice
president and Carlo Tarley was appointed by Roberts to be the UMWA's new
In August 1997, Roberts was elected
by acclamation to a new, five-year term, winning the support of 99 percent
of the locals participating in the union's nominating process. He is once
again joined at the union's helm by Vice President Jones and
Secretary-Treasurer Tarley. Also of note, for the first time in UMWA
history, the entire leadership team's slate, including tellers and
auditors, ran unopposed.
In addition to serving as UMWA
president, Roberts has also held office or worked on behalf of several
other organizations over the years, including serving on the Committee for
Employer Support of Veteran Employment and the West Virginia Employment
Opportunities and Economic Development Commission. In 1985, he was elected
president of the National Council of the Holmes Safety Association. He has
been elected General Vice President of the National Council of Senior
Citizens by their Executive Board. He has also been appointed to serve as
a member of the West Virginia University Institute for Labor Studies and
Research Advisory Board in 1996 and he is a member of the American Legion,
and a lifetime member of the VFW.
In 1987, he graduated from West
Virginia Technical College, and in 1997, he received an honorary Doctorate
in Humanities from West Virginia University of Technology.
In 1996, he reopened the UMWA's
National Agreement for the first time in the union's history and made
significant improvements in the wage agreement.
In 1998, he negotiated a new
National Agreement that was ratified by the highest percentage in the
Roberts is married to the former
Carolyn Sue Stewart. They have a son, Kyle Edward, a daughter, Melissa
Dawn, two grandsons, Aaron and Brandon and one grandaughter, Savannah